DebarHebertBarretteEtAl2018

Référence

Debar, P.S., Hébert, F., Barrette, M., Brousseau, M. and Thiffault, N. (2018) Comparative effects of mechanical site preparation and repeated application of a chemical herbicide to control buckthorn and promote growth in forest plantations [Effets comparatifs de la préparation mécanique du sol et de l'application répétée d'un phytocide chimique pour maîtriser le nerprun et favoriser la croissance en plantations forestières]. Forestry Chronicle, 94(1):68-74. (Scopus )

Résumé

Glossy buckthorn (Frangula alnus) is an exotic, invasive species that reduces white spruce (Picea glauca) plantationgrowth in Québec. Chemical herbicide applications, usually repeated more than once, are the only vegetation management approach known to control the species effectively. Its use, however, raises social and environmental issues. Our objective was thus to evaluate mechanical site preparation as a vegetation management tool to control glossy buckthorn on reforestation sites. We compared, after four years, three mechanical site preparation treatments (including windrowing as a control) and a scenario of repeated chemical herbicide applications in a fully randomized complete block design. Globally, mechanical site preparation by harrowing or mixing did not have significant short-term effect on buckthorn control and planted spruce dimensions, compared to windrowing. Windrowing followed by repeated chemical herbicide applications had a significant but limited effect on buckthorn modal height. Whereas the chemical treatment did not promote height growth of planted seedlings, it significantly increased diameter. Hence, mechanical site preparation using harrowing or mixing does not seem to be an effective alternative to repeated chemical herbicide applications following windrowing to control glossy buckthorn. Site invasion by this species thus raises a major issue regarding planted ecosystems productivity, especially in contexts where chemical herbicides cannot be used. Global changes might exacerbate this issue as well as the invasion of natural forests by extending the geographic distribution of the species. © 2018 Published by NRC Research Press.

Format EndNote

Vous pouvez importer cette référence dans EndNote.

Format BibTeX-CSV

Vous pouvez importer cette référence en format BibTeX-CSV.

Format BibTeX

Vous pouvez copier l'entrée BibTeX de cette référence ci-bas, ou l'importer directement dans un logiciel tel que JabRef .

@ARTICLE { DebarHebertBarretteEtAl2018,
    AUTHOR = { Debar, P.S. and Hébert, F. and Barrette, M. and Brousseau, M. and Thiffault, N. },
    TITLE = { Comparative effects of mechanical site preparation and repeated application of a chemical herbicide to control buckthorn and promote growth in forest plantations [Effets comparatifs de la préparation mécanique du sol et de l'application répétée d'un phytocide chimique pour maîtriser le nerprun et favoriser la croissance en plantations forestières] },
    JOURNAL = { Forestry Chronicle },
    YEAR = { 2018 },
    VOLUME = { 94 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    PAGES = { 68-74 },
    NOTE = { cited By 0 },
    ABSTRACT = { Glossy buckthorn (Frangula alnus) is an exotic, invasive species that reduces white spruce (Picea glauca) plantationgrowth in Québec. Chemical herbicide applications, usually repeated more than once, are the only vegetation management approach known to control the species effectively. Its use, however, raises social and environmental issues. Our objective was thus to evaluate mechanical site preparation as a vegetation management tool to control glossy buckthorn on reforestation sites. We compared, after four years, three mechanical site preparation treatments (including windrowing as a control) and a scenario of repeated chemical herbicide applications in a fully randomized complete block design. Globally, mechanical site preparation by harrowing or mixing did not have significant short-term effect on buckthorn control and planted spruce dimensions, compared to windrowing. Windrowing followed by repeated chemical herbicide applications had a significant but limited effect on buckthorn modal height. Whereas the chemical treatment did not promote height growth of planted seedlings, it significantly increased diameter. Hence, mechanical site preparation using harrowing or mixing does not seem to be an effective alternative to repeated chemical herbicide applications following windrowing to control glossy buckthorn. Site invasion by this species thus raises a major issue regarding planted ecosystems productivity, especially in contexts where chemical herbicides cannot be used. Global changes might exacerbate this issue as well as the invasion of natural forests by extending the geographic distribution of the species. © 2018 Published by NRC Research Press. },
    AFFILIATION = { Faculté de Foresterie, de Géographie et de Géomatique, Université Laval, 2405, rue de la Terrasse, Québec, QC, Canada; Centre d'Étude de la Forêt, Université Laval, 2405, rue de la Terrasse, Québec, QC, Canada; Direction de la Recherche Forestière, Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs, 2700, rue Einstein, Québec, QC, Canada; Centre Canadien sur la Fibre de Bois, Service Canadien des Forêts, Ressources Naturelles Canada, 1055, rue du P.E.P.S., C.P. 10380, succ. Sainte-Foy, Québec, QC, Canada },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { exotic invasive species; Frangula alnus; global changes; new ecosystems; Rhamnus frangula; silviculture; vegetation management },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.5558/tfc2018-009 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85042881471&doi=10.5558%2ftfc2018-009&partnerID=40&md5=5da346c7b50c28a3bddecff7e66f41e7 },
}

********************************************************** ***************** Facebook Twitter *********************** **********************************************************

Abonnez-vous à
l'Infolettre du CEF!

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Mycorhizes_2019 ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Symphonies_Boreales ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Boîte à trucs *************** **********************************************************

CEF-Référence
La référence vedette !

Jérémie Alluard (2016) Les statistiques au moments de la rédaction 

  • Ce document a pour but de guider les étudiants à intégrer de manière appropriée une analyse statistique dans leur rapport de recherche.

Voir les autres...