BelangerCoteFylesEtAl2004

Référence

Belanger, N., Cote, B., Fyles, J.W., Courchesne, F., Hendershot, W.H. (2004) Forest regrowth as the controlling factor of soil nutrient availability 75 years after fire in a deciduous forest of Southern Quebec. Plant and Soil, 262(1-2):363-372.

Résumé

The effects of secondary succession on soil nutrient availability following fire in the 1920s was investigated in a hardwood forest of southern Quebec by correlation analyses between soil and solution chemistry, tree species composition, tree growth, litterfall nutrient fluxes and presence of charcoal monitored in six 300 m2 plots between 1994 and 1998. The results suggests that the pioneer stand of largetooth aspen, paper birch and yellow birch that followed fire enriched the forest floor and upper mineral soil with its K-rich litter, but lowered solution NH4, NO3 and Mg concentrations through its high nutrient demand. High woody biomass primarily observed in the maple-dominated stands was associated with low exchangeable base cation concentrations in the forest floor, suggesting that nutrient immobilisation in trees is also a significant process leading to spatial variation in base cation availability in the forest floor. Finally, charcoal was positively correlated with exchangeable base cations in the forest floor which leads to believe that charcoal has a high affinity for base cations and that it can increase base cation availability decades after forest fire disturbance.

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@ARTICLE { BelangerCoteFylesEtAl2004,
    AUTHOR = { Belanger, N. and Cote, B. and Fyles, J.W. and Courchesne, F. and Hendershot, W.H. },
    TITLE = { Forest regrowth as the controlling factor of soil nutrient availability 75 years after fire in a deciduous forest of Southern Quebec },
    JOURNAL = { Plant and Soil },
    YEAR = { 2004 },
    VOLUME = { 262 },
    PAGES = { 363-372 },
    NUMBER = { 1-2 },
    NOTE = { 0032079X (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 6 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: PLSOA doi: 10.1023/B:PLSO.0000037054.21561.85 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Dept. of Natural Resource Sciences; Macdonald Camp. of McGill University; 21, 111 Lakeshore Rd., Ste-A.email: hendershot@nrs.mcgill.ca References: Alban, D.H., Effects of nutrient accumulation by aspen, spruce, and pine on soil properties (1982) Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 46, pp. 853-861; Allen, S.E., Analysis of vegetation and other organic constituents (1989) Chemical Analysis of Ecological Materials, pp. 160-200. , Blackwell Scientific, Oxford; Augusto, L., Ranger, J., Binkley, D., Rothe, A., Impact of several common tree species of European temperate forests on soil fertility (2002) Ann. For. Sci., 59, pp. 233-253; Bayley, S.E., Schindler, D.W., Parker, B.R., Stainton, M.P., Beaty, K.G., Effects of forest fire and drought on acidity of a base-poor boreal forest stream: Similarities between climatic warming and acidic precipitation (1992) Biogeochemistry, 17, pp. 191-204; Be?langer, N., Courchesne, F., Co?te?, B., Fyles, J.W., Warfvinge, P., Hendershot, W.H., Simulation of soil chemistry and nutrient availability in a forested ecosystem of southern Quebec. Part II. Application of the SAFE model (2002) Environ. Model. Soft., 17, pp. 445-467; Binkley, D., Giardina, C., Why do tree species affect soils? the Warp and Woof of tree-soil interactions (1998) Biogeochemistry, 42, pp. 89-106; Binkley, D., Valentine, D., Fifty-year biogeochemical effects of green ash, white pine, and Norway spruce in a replicated experiment (1991) For. Ecol. Manag., 40, pp. 13-25; Binkley, D., Richter, D., Nutrient cycles and H+ budgets of forest ecosystems (1987) Adv. Ecol. 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    ABSTRACT = { The effects of secondary succession on soil nutrient availability following fire in the 1920s was investigated in a hardwood forest of southern Quebec by correlation analyses between soil and solution chemistry, tree species composition, tree growth, litterfall nutrient fluxes and presence of charcoal monitored in six 300 m2 plots between 1994 and 1998. The results suggests that the pioneer stand of largetooth aspen, paper birch and yellow birch that followed fire enriched the forest floor and upper mineral soil with its K-rich litter, but lowered solution NH4, NO3 and Mg concentrations through its high nutrient demand. High woody biomass primarily observed in the maple-dominated stands was associated with low exchangeable base cation concentrations in the forest floor, suggesting that nutrient immobilisation in trees is also a significant process leading to spatial variation in base cation availability in the forest floor. Finally, charcoal was positively correlated with exchangeable base cations in the forest floor which leads to believe that charcoal has a high affinity for base cations and that it can increase base cation availability decades after forest fire disturbance. },
    KEYWORDS = { charcoal fire hardwoods regrowth soil and solution chemistry species composition succession },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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