CoteBelangerCourchesneEtAl2003

Référence

Cote, B., Belanger, N., Courchesne, F., Fyles, J.W. and Hendershot, W.H. (2003) A cyclical but asynchronous pattern of fine root and woody biomass production in a hardwood forest of southern Quebec and its relationships with annual variation of temperature and nutrient availability. Plant and Soil, 250(1):49-57.

Résumé

In contrast to the well-documented seasonal variation in growth of below- and above-ground components of trees, the annual variation in below- and aboveground production is not well understood. In this study, we report on the monitoring of an unmanaged hardwood forest ecosystem in a small watershed of southern Quebec between 1993 and 1999. Below- and above-ground biomass production, leaf and soil solution chemistry, and air temperature were measured at different regular intervals and are reported on an annual basis. The objective of the study was to describe the annual dynamics of carbon partitioning between below- and above-ground tree components and to gain a better understanding of the soil and climatic factors that govern it. Fine root production peaked one year earlier than woody biomass production and years with high production of fine roots had low woody biomass production. All models that included May temperature in the calculation of the predicting/independent variables were significant predictors of total tree biomass production (r > 0.87). Fine root production was associated negatively with the previous year average growing season temperature (r < -0.84). Soil solution NO3-, NH4+ and NO3- + NH4+ concentrations were positively correlated with fine root production (r > 0.72) and negatively correlated with woody biomass production (r < -0.84). Leaf N and P concentrations were negatively correlated (r = -0.99 and r = -0.98, respectively) with fine root production for the period of 1994-1998. Our results suggest that a cool growing season, and in particular a cool month of October, is likely to result in low fine root production and nutrient uptake the following year and, therefore, to increase soil N availability and decrease leaf N. This initial response is thought to be the first step of a feedback loop involving plant N nutrition, soil N availability, fine root growth and aboveground biomass production that led to a cyclical (3-4 years) but asynchronous production of fine roots and aboveground biomass production.

Format EndNote

Vous pouvez importer cette référence dans EndNote.

Format BibTeX-CSV

Vous pouvez importer cette référence en format BibTeX-CSV.

Format BibTeX

Vous pouvez copier l'entrée BibTeX de cette référence ci-bas, ou l'importer directement dans un logiciel tel que JabRef .

@ARTICLE { CoteBelangerCourchesneEtAl2003,
    AUTHOR = { Cote, B. and Belanger, N. and Courchesne, F. and Fyles, J.W. and Hendershot, W.H. },
    TITLE = { A cyclical but asynchronous pattern of fine root and woody biomass production in a hardwood forest of southern Quebec and its relationships with annual variation of temperature and nutrient availability },
    JOURNAL = { Plant and Soil },
    YEAR = { 2003 },
    VOLUME = { 250 },
    PAGES = { 49-57 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    NOTE = { 0032079X (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 3 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: PLSOA doi: 10.1023/A:1022869829862 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Co?te?, B.; Dept. of Natural Resource Sciences; Macdonald Camp. of McGill University Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Que. H9X 3V9, Canada; email: coteb@nrs.mcgill.ca References: Abrams, M.D., Ruffne, C.M., Morgan, T.A., Tree-ring responses to drought across species and contrasting sites in the ridge and valley of Central Pennsylvania (1998) For. Sci., 44, pp. 550-558; Allen, S.E., Analysis of vegetation and other organic constituents (1989) Chemical Analysis of Ecological Materials, pp. 160-200. , Blackwell Scientific, Oxford; Axelsson, E., Axelsson, B., Changes in carbon allocation patterns in spruce and pine trees following irrigation and fertilization (1986) Tree Phys., 2, pp. 189-204; Bartsch, N., Response of root systems of young Pinus sylvestris and Picea abies plants to water deficits and soil acidity (1987) Can. J. For. Res., 17, pp. 805-812; Bernier, B., Brazeau, M., Nutrient deficiency symptoms associated with sugar maple dieback and decline in the Que?bec Appalachians (1988) Can. J. For. Res., 18, pp. 762-767; Bevington, K.B., Castle, W.S., Annual root growth pattern of young citrus trees in relation to shoot growth, soil temperature, and soil water content (1985) J. Am. Hort. Soc., 110, pp. 840-845; Black, T.A., Chert, W.J., Barr, A.G., Arain, M.A., Chen, Z., Nesic, Z., Hogg, E.H., Yang, P.C., Increased carbon sequestration by a boreal deciduous forest in years with a warm spring (2000) Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, pp. 1271-1274; Botkin, D.B., (1989) Manual for Jabowa-II, Version 1.1. Forest Growth Model, , Santa Barbara Institute for Environmental Studies, Santa Barbara, CA. 90 pp; Brooks, J.R., Flanagan, L.B., Ehleringer, F.R., Responses of boreal conifers to climate fluctuations: Indications from tree-ring widths and carbon isotope analyses (1998) Can. J. For. Res., 28, pp. 524-533; Burke, M.K., Raynal, D.J., Mitchell, M.J., Soil nitrogen availability influences seasonal carbon allocation patterns in sugar maple (Acer saccharum) (1992) Can. J. For. Res., 22, pp. 447-456; Burke, M.K., Raynal, D.J., Fine root growth phenology, production and turnover in a northern hardwood forest ecosystem (1994) Plant and Soil, 162, pp. 135-146; Burns, I.G., Walker, R.L., Moorby, J., How do nutrients drive growth? (1997) Plant and Soil, 196, pp. 321-325; Burton, A.J., Pregitzer, K.S., Hendrick, R.L., Relationships between fine root dynamics and nitrogen availability in Michigan northern hardwood forests (2000) Oecologia, 125, pp. 389-399; Campagna, M.A., Margolis, H.A., Influence of short-term atmospheric CO2 enrichment on growth, allocation pattern, and biochemistry of black spruce seedlings at different stage of development (1989) Can. J. For. Res., 19, pp. 773-782; (1987) Le Syste?me Canadaien de Classification des Sols. Seconde E?dition, , Direction de la recherche, Ministe?re de l'Agriculture du Canada, publ. 1646. 170. pp; Co?te?, B., Hendershot, W.H., Fyles, J.W., Roy, A.G., Bradley, R., Biron, P.M., Courchesne, F., The phenology of fine root growth in a maple-dominated ecosystem: Relationships with some soil properties (1998) Plant and Soil, 201, pp. 59-69; (1987) The Canadian Soil Classification System, 2nd Edn., , Supply and Services, Canada, Pub. 1646; Fahey, T.J., Hughes, J.W., Fine root dynamics in a northern hardwood forst ecosystem (1994) Ecology, 82, pp. 533-548. , Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, NH; Frolking, S., Goulden, M.L., Wofsy, S.C., Fan, S.M., Sutton, D.J., Munger, J.W., Bazzaz, A.M., Harriss, R.C., Modeling temporal variability in the carbon balance of a spruce/moss boreal forest (1996) Global Change Biol., 2, pp. 343-366; Fyles, J.W., Co?te?, B., Courchesne, F., Hendershot, W.H., Savoie, S., Effects of base cation fertilization on soil and foliage nutrient concentrations, and litterfall and throughfall nutrient fluxes in a sugar maple forest (1994) Can. J. For. Res., 24, pp. 542-549; Hendershot, W.H., Courchesne, F., Comparison of soil solution chemistry in zero tension and ceramic-cup tension lysimeters (1991) J. Soil Sci., 42, pp. 577-583; Hendrick, R.L., Pregitzer, K.S., The demography of fine roots in a northern hardwood forest (1992) Ecology, 73, pp. 1094-1104; Hendrick, R.L., Pregitzer, K.S., Temporal and depth-related patterns of fine root dynamics in northern hardwood forests (1996) Ecology, 84, pp. 167-176; Horsley, S.B., Long, R.P., Bailey, S.W., Hallett, R.A., Hall, T.J., Factors associated with the decline disease of sugar maple on the Allegheny Plateau (2000) Can. J. For. Res., 30, pp. 1365-1378; Kozlowski, T.T., Kramer, P.J., Pallardy, S.G., The physiological ecology of woody plants (1991) Physiological Ecology. A Series of Monographs, Texts and Treatises, , Ed. H A. Mooney, Academic Press; Krause, H.H., Weetman, G.F., Koller, E., Veilleux, J.M., (1987) Programme Interprovincial de Fertilisation des Fore?ts 1968-1983, , Inf. Rep. DPC-X-21, For. Can. Serv., Ottawa; Kuhns, M.R., Garrett, H.E., Teskey, R.O., Hinckley, T.M., Root growth of black walnut trees related to soil temperature, soil water potential and leaf water potential (1985) For. Sci., 31, pp. 617-629; Lean, J., Rind, D., Climate forcing by changing solar radiation (1998) J. Climate, 11, pp. 3069-3094; Lebourgeois, F., Climatic signals in earlywood and total ring width of Corsican pine from western France (2000) Ann. For. Sci., 57, pp. 155-164; Lortie, M., (1979) Arbres, Fore?ts et Perturbations Naturelles au Que?bec, , Presses Univ. Laval, Que?bec, Canada, 173 pp; Lyr, H., Hoffmann, G., Growth rates and growth periodicity of tree roots (1967) Internat. Rev. For. Res., 2, pp. 181-236; McClaugherty, C.A., Aber, J.D., Melilo, J.M., The role of fine roots in the organic matter and nitrogen budgets of two forested ecosystems (1982) Ecology, 63, pp. 1481-1490; Moore, J.D., Camire?, C., Ouimet, R., Effects of liming on the nutrition, vigor, and growth of sugar maple at the Lake Clair Watershed, Quebec, Canada (2000) Can. J. For. Res., 30, pp. 725-732; Morrow, R.R., Periodicity and growth of sugar maple surface layer roots (1950) J. For., 48, pp. 875-881; Nadelhoffer, K.J., The potential effects of nitrogen deposition on fine-root production in forest ecosystems (2000) New Phytologist, 147, pp. 131-139; Rolland, C., Desplanque, C., Michalet, R., Schweingruber, F.H., Extreme tree rings in spruce (Picea abies [L.1 Karst.) and fir (Abies alba Mill.) stands in relation to climate, site, and space in the southern French and Italian Alps (2000) Arct. Antarct. Alp. Res., 32, pp. 1-13; Rubino, D.L., McCarthy, B.C., Dendroclimatological analysis of white oak (Quercus alba L., Fagaceae) from an old-growth forest of southeastern Ohio, USA (2000) J. Torrey Bot. Soc., 127, pp. 240-250; Ruffner, C.M., Abrams, M.D., Relating land-use history and climate to the dendroecology of a 326-year-old Quercus prinus talus slope forest (1998) Can. J. For. Res., 28, pp. 347-358; Savage, C., (2001) Recolonisation Forestie?re Dans les Basses Laurentides au sud du Domaine Climacique de l'E?rablie?re a? Bouleau Jaune, , M.Sc., Univ. Montreal. 51 pp; Splechma, B.E., Dobry, J., Klinka, K., Tree-ring characteristics of subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa (Hook.) Nutt.) in relation to elevation and climatic fluctuations (2000) Ann. For. Sci., 57, pp. 89-100; (1994) Statistica for the Macintosh, , Statsoft Inc. Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA; Stone, L., Ezrati, S., Chaos, cycles and spatiotemporal dynamics in plant ecology (1996) J. Ecol., 84, pp. 279-291; Taylor, J.S., Dumbroff, E.B., Bud, root, and growth-regulator activity in Acer saccharum during the dormant season (1975) Can. J. Bot., 53, pp. 321-331; Teskey, R.O., Hinckley, T.M., Influence of temperature and water potential on root growth of white oak (1981) Physiol. Plant., 52, pp. 362-369; Tisdale, S.L., Nelson, W.L., Beaton, J.D., (1985) Soil Fertility and Fertilizers. 4th Edn., , Macmillan, New York; Zarnovican, R., Climate and volume growth of young yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis Britton) at three sites in the sugar maple-yellow birch forest region of Quebec (2000) Ecoscience, 7, pp. 222-227. },
    ABSTRACT = { In contrast to the well-documented seasonal variation in growth of below- and above-ground components of trees, the annual variation in below- and aboveground production is not well understood. In this study, we report on the monitoring of an unmanaged hardwood forest ecosystem in a small watershed of southern Quebec between 1993 and 1999. Below- and above-ground biomass production, leaf and soil solution chemistry, and air temperature were measured at different regular intervals and are reported on an annual basis. The objective of the study was to describe the annual dynamics of carbon partitioning between below- and above-ground tree components and to gain a better understanding of the soil and climatic factors that govern it. Fine root production peaked one year earlier than woody biomass production and years with high production of fine roots had low woody biomass production. All models that included May temperature in the calculation of the predicting/independent variables were significant predictors of total tree biomass production (r > 0.87). Fine root production was associated negatively with the previous year average growing season temperature (r < -0.84). Soil solution NO3-, NH4+ and NO3- + NH4+ concentrations were positively correlated with fine root production (r > 0.72) and negatively correlated with woody biomass production (r < -0.84). Leaf N and P concentrations were negatively correlated (r = -0.99 and r = -0.98, respectively) with fine root production for the period of 1994-1998. Our results suggest that a cool growing season, and in particular a cool month of October, is likely to result in low fine root production and nutrient uptake the following year and, therefore, to increase soil N availability and decrease leaf N. This initial response is thought to be the first step of a feedback loop involving plant N nutrition, soil N availability, fine root growth and aboveground biomass production that led to a cyclical (3-4 years) but asynchronous production of fine roots and aboveground biomass production. },
    KEYWORDS = { Cycle Fine root Hardwoods Nitrogen Temperature aboveground biomass belowground biomass forest ecosystem nutrient availability temperature effect Canada },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

********************************************************** ***************** Facebook Twitter *********************** **********************************************************

Abonnez-vous à
l'Infolettre du CEF!

********************************************************** ************* Écoles d'été et formation **************************** **********************************************************

Écoles d'été et formations

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Symphonies_Boreales ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Boîte à trucs *************** **********************************************************

CEF-Référence
La référence vedette !

Jérémie Alluard (2016) Les statistiques au moments de la rédaction 

  • Ce document a pour but de guider les étudiants à intégrer de manière appropriée une analyse statistique dans leur rapport de recherche.

Voir les autres...