MacDonaldBelangerHendershot2004a

Référence

MacDonald, J.D., Belanger, N. and Hendershot, W.H. (2004) Column leaching using dry soil to estimate solid-solution partitioning observed in zero-tension lysimeters. 1. Method development. Soil and Sediment Contamination, 13(4):361-374. (Scopus )

Résumé

In order to understand the reactions taking place between the soil solid phase and the soil solution, we require knowledge of the chemistry of the soil solution as it occurs in the field. This knowledge allows us to conduct experiments with environmentally relevant concentrations of macro and microelements in solution. Zero-tension lysimeters directly sample the mobile fraction of soil solutions. Unfortunately, they are expensive to sample and require long equilibration periods. Other solution extraction methods do not provide solutions similar in concentration to lysimeters, either because they sample a different fraction of the soil solution or due to the impacts of the sampling process. The processes that produce lysimeter solutions cannot be emulated; however, to estimate lysimeter solution chemistry, we developed a standard protocol to produce solutions that resemble lysimeter solutions from podzolic soils using air-dried samples. We washed air-dried soil columns sequentially with de-ionized water until the electrical conductivity (EC) of the leachates stabilized and then leached the columns using an environmentally relevant concentration of a weak salt solution. We hypothesize that the stabilization point of the EC of the soil solution is indicative of the point at which soluble salts and organic material precipitated during sampling and storage are removed from the soil surface. Solutions produced by leaching, once the EC of wash solutions had stabilized, were comparable to lysimeter solutions from the area where samples were collected with respect to the concentrations of divalent cations, pH, EC and DOC.

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@ARTICLE { MacDonaldBelangerHendershot2004a,
    AUTHOR = { MacDonald, J.D. and Belanger, N. and Hendershot, W.H. },
    TITLE = { Column leaching using dry soil to estimate solid-solution partitioning observed in zero-tension lysimeters. 1. Method development },
    JOURNAL = { Soil and Sediment Contamination },
    YEAR = { 2004 },
    VOLUME = { 13 },
    PAGES = { 361-374 },
    NUMBER = { 4 },
    ABSTRACT = { In order to understand the reactions taking place between the soil solid phase and the soil solution, we require knowledge of the chemistry of the soil solution as it occurs in the field. This knowledge allows us to conduct experiments with environmentally relevant concentrations of macro and microelements in solution. Zero-tension lysimeters directly sample the mobile fraction of soil solutions. Unfortunately, they are expensive to sample and require long equilibration periods. Other solution extraction methods do not provide solutions similar in concentration to lysimeters, either because they sample a different fraction of the soil solution or due to the impacts of the sampling process. The processes that produce lysimeter solutions cannot be emulated; however, to estimate lysimeter solution chemistry, we developed a standard protocol to produce solutions that resemble lysimeter solutions from podzolic soils using air-dried samples. We washed air-dried soil columns sequentially with de-ionized water until the electrical conductivity (EC) of the leachates stabilized and then leached the columns using an environmentally relevant concentration of a weak salt solution. We hypothesize that the stabilization point of the EC of the soil solution is indicative of the point at which soluble salts and organic material precipitated during sampling and storage are removed from the soil surface. Solutions produced by leaching, once the EC of wash solutions had stabilized, were comparable to lysimeter solutions from the area where samples were collected with respect to the concentrations of divalent cations, pH, EC and DOC. },
    COMMENT = { Cited By (since 1996): 5 Export Date: 11 February 2010 Source: Scopus CODEN: SSCOC doi: 10.1080/10588330490466012 },
    ISSN = { 10588337 (ISSN) },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2010.02.11 },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-3242690848&partnerID=40&md5=bc70ba3907dc608f62f36e365c83ac7b },
}

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