ThiffaultBelangerPareEtAl2007

Référence

Thiffault, E., Belanger, N., Pare, D. and Munson, A.D. (2007) How do forest harvesting methods compare with wildfire? A case study of soil chemistry and tree nutrition in the boreal forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 37(9):1658-1668. (Scopus )

Résumé

An important tenet of the natural disturbance paradigm as a basis for sustainable forest management is that impacts of interventions fall within the range of natural variation observed for the disturbance in question. We evaluated differences in soil nutrients, soil acid-base status, and tree nutrition between two harvesting methods (whole-tree (WTH) and stem-only (SOH)) and wildfire, 15-20 years after disturbance, to assess whether these harvesting methods have biogeochemical impacts that are within the natural range of variation caused by wildfires in boreal coniferous stands of Haute-Mauricie (Quebec). Both SOH and WTH created conditions of forest floor effective cation-exchange capacity, exchangeable Ca and K concentrations, base saturation, Ca:Al molar ratio, and organic C concentrations that were lower than the range of values for wildfires. We hypothesize that the immediate deposition of soluble base cations and the incorporation of recalcitrant organic matter that characterize wildfires generate biogeochemical conditions that are not emulated by either harvesting method. The improved soil nutritional environment after wildfire compared with SOH and WTH was reflected in jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.) foliar nutrient composition but not in black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP) foliage. The results raise uncertainties about the long-term base nutrient availability of the harvested sites on Boreal Shield soils. © 2007 NRC.

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@ARTICLE { ThiffaultBelangerPareEtAl2007,
    AUTHOR = { Thiffault, E. and Belanger, N. and Pare, D. and Munson, A.D. },
    TITLE = { How do forest harvesting methods compare with wildfire? A case study of soil chemistry and tree nutrition in the boreal forest },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Forest Research },
    YEAR = { 2007 },
    VOLUME = { 37 },
    PAGES = { 1658-1668 },
    NUMBER = { 9 },
    ABSTRACT = { An important tenet of the natural disturbance paradigm as a basis for sustainable forest management is that impacts of interventions fall within the range of natural variation observed for the disturbance in question. We evaluated differences in soil nutrients, soil acid-base status, and tree nutrition between two harvesting methods (whole-tree (WTH) and stem-only (SOH)) and wildfire, 15-20 years after disturbance, to assess whether these harvesting methods have biogeochemical impacts that are within the natural range of variation caused by wildfires in boreal coniferous stands of Haute-Mauricie (Quebec). Both SOH and WTH created conditions of forest floor effective cation-exchange capacity, exchangeable Ca and K concentrations, base saturation, Ca:Al molar ratio, and organic C concentrations that were lower than the range of values for wildfires. We hypothesize that the immediate deposition of soluble base cations and the incorporation of recalcitrant organic matter that characterize wildfires generate biogeochemical conditions that are not emulated by either harvesting method. The improved soil nutritional environment after wildfire compared with SOH and WTH was reflected in jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.) foliar nutrient composition but not in black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP) foliage. The results raise uncertainties about the long-term base nutrient availability of the harvested sites on Boreal Shield soils. © 2007 NRC. },
    COMMENT = { Cited By (since 1996): 4 Export Date: 10 February 2010 Source: Scopus CODEN: CJFRA doi: 10.1139/X07-031 },
    ISSN = { 00455067 (ISSN) },
    KEYWORDS = { Fires, Forestry, Nutrition, Soils, Boreal Shield soils, Foliar nutrient composition, Harvesting, acid soil, boreal forest, coniferous tree, forest floor, forest management, harvesting, nutrient availability, organic matter, soil chemistry, soil nutrient, sustainable forestry, wildfire, Forest Fires, Forestry, Harvesting, Nutrition, Soil, Picea mariana, Pinus banksiana },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2010.02.10 },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-36549039964&partnerID=40&md5=fd531896433027da2523c2263a657925 },
}

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