BurkeKageyamaLatombeEtAl2017

Référence

Burke, A., Kageyama, M., Latombe, G., Fasel, M., Vrac, M., Ramstein, G. and James, P.M.A. (2017) Risky business: The impact of climate and climate variability on human population dynamics in Western Europe during the Last Glacial Maximum. Quaternary Science Reviews, 164:217-229. (Scopus )

Résumé

The extent to which climate change has affected the course of human evolution is an enduring question. The ability to maintain spatially extensive social networks and a fluid social structure allows human foragers to “map onto”� the landscape, mitigating the impact of ecological risk and conferring resilience. But what are the limits of resilience and to which environmental variables are foraging populations sensitive? We address this question by testing the impact of a suite of environmental variables, including climate variability, on the distribution of human populations in Western Europe during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). Climate variability affects the distribution of plant and animal resources unpredictably, creating an element of risk for foragers for whom mobility comes at a cost. We produce a model of habitat suitability that allows us to generate predictions about the probable distribution of human populations and discuss the implications of these predictions for the structure of human populations and their social and cultural evolution during the LGM. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

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@ARTICLE { BurkeKageyamaLatombeEtAl2017,
    AUTHOR = { Burke, A. and Kageyama, M. and Latombe, G. and Fasel, M. and Vrac, M. and Ramstein, G. and James, P.M.A. },
    TITLE = { Risky business: The impact of climate and climate variability on human population dynamics in Western Europe during the Last Glacial Maximum },
    JOURNAL = { Quaternary Science Reviews },
    YEAR = { 2017 },
    VOLUME = { 164 },
    PAGES = { 217-229 },
    NOTE = { cited By 0 },
    ABSTRACT = { The extent to which climate change has affected the course of human evolution is an enduring question. The ability to maintain spatially extensive social networks and a fluid social structure allows human foragers to “map onto”� the landscape, mitigating the impact of ecological risk and conferring resilience. But what are the limits of resilience and to which environmental variables are foraging populations sensitive? We address this question by testing the impact of a suite of environmental variables, including climate variability, on the distribution of human populations in Western Europe during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). Climate variability affects the distribution of plant and animal resources unpredictably, creating an element of risk for foragers for whom mobility comes at a cost. We produce a model of habitat suitability that allows us to generate predictions about the probable distribution of human populations and discuss the implications of these predictions for the structure of human populations and their social and cultural evolution during the LGM. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Last Glacial Maximum; Paleoclimate modelling; Pleistocene; Population dynamics; Random Forest; Upper Palaeolithic; Western Europe },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.04.001 },
    KEYWORDS = { Climatology; Decision trees; Glacial geology; Plants (botany); Population distribution; Population dynamics, Last Glacial Maximum; Paleoclimate modelling; Pleistocene; Random forests; Upper Palaeolithic; Western Europe, Climate change, Animalia },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85017465231&doi=10.1016%2fj.quascirev.2017.04.001&partnerID=40&md5=b66d0a2c69e9258459ee9a1710f272d6 },
}

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