DaleKlineParishEtAl2017

Référence

Dale, V.H., Kline, K.L., Parish, E.S., Cowie, A.L., Emory, R., Malmsheimer, R.W., Slade, R., Smith, C.T.T., Jr., Wigley, T.B.B.E.N., Bentsen, N.S., Berndes, G., Bernier, P.Y., Brandao, M., Chum, H.L., Diaz-Chavez, R., Egnell, G., Gustavsson, L., Schweinle, J., Stupak, I., Trianosky, P., Walter, A., Whittaker, C., Brown, M., Chescheir, G., Dimitriou, I., Donnison, C., Goss Eng, A., Hoyt, K.P., Jenkins, J.C., Johnson, K., Levesque, C.A., Lockhart, V., Negri, M.C., Nettles, J.E. and Wellisch, M. (2017) Status and prospects for renewable energy using wood pellets from the southeastern United States. GCB Bioenergy, 9(8):1296-1305. (Scopus )

Résumé

The ongoing debate about costs and benefits of wood-pellet based bioenergy production in the southeastern United States (SE USA) requires an understanding of the science and context influencing market decisions associated with its sustainability. Production of pellets has garnered much attention as US exports have grown from negligible amounts in the early 2000s to 4.6 million metric tonnes in 2015. Currently, 98% of these pellet exports are shipped to Europe to displace coal in power plants. We ask, ‘How is the production of wood pellets in the SE USA affecting forest systems and the ecosystem services they provide?’ To address this question, we review current forest conditions and the status of the wood products industry, how pellet production affects ecosystem services and biodiversity, and what methods are in place to monitor changes and protect vulnerable systems. Scientific studies provide evidence that wood pellets in the SE USA are a fraction of total forestry operations and can be produced while maintaining or improving forest ecosystem services. Ecosystem services are protected by the requirement to utilize loggers trained to apply scientifically based best management practices in planning and implementing harvest for the export market. Bioenergy markets supplement incomes to private rural landholders and provide an incentive for forest management practices that simultaneously benefit water quality and wildlife and reduce risk of fire and insect outbreaks. Bioenergy also increases the value of forest land to landowners, thereby decreasing likelihood of conversion to nonforest uses. Monitoring and evaluation are essential to verify that regulations and good practices are achieving goals and to enable timely responses if problems arise. Conducting rigorous research to understand how conditions change in response to management choices requires baseline data, monitoring, and appropriate reference scenarios. Long-term monitoring data on forest conditions should be publicly accessible and utilized to inform adaptive management. © 2017 The Authors. Global Change Biology Bioenergy Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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@ARTICLE { DaleKlineParishEtAl2017,
    AUTHOR = { Dale, V.H. and Kline, K.L. and Parish, E.S. and Cowie, A.L. and Emory, R. and Malmsheimer, R.W. and Slade, R. and Smith, C.T.T., Jr. and Wigley, T.B.B.E.N. and Bentsen, N.S. and Berndes, G. and Bernier, P.Y. and Brandao, M. and Chum, H.L. and Diaz-Chavez, R. and Egnell, G. and Gustavsson, L. and Schweinle, J. and Stupak, I. and Trianosky, P. and Walter, A. and Whittaker, C. and Brown, M. and Chescheir, G. and Dimitriou, I. and Donnison, C. and Goss Eng, A. and Hoyt, K.P. and Jenkins, J.C. and Johnson, K. and Levesque, C.A. and Lockhart, V. and Negri, M.C. and Nettles, J.E. and Wellisch, M. },
    TITLE = { Status and prospects for renewable energy using wood pellets from the southeastern United States },
    JOURNAL = { GCB Bioenergy },
    YEAR = { 2017 },
    VOLUME = { 9 },
    NUMBER = { 8 },
    PAGES = { 1296-1305 },
    NOTE = { cited By 2 },
    ABSTRACT = { The ongoing debate about costs and benefits of wood-pellet based bioenergy production in the southeastern United States (SE USA) requires an understanding of the science and context influencing market decisions associated with its sustainability. Production of pellets has garnered much attention as US exports have grown from negligible amounts in the early 2000s to 4.6 million metric tonnes in 2015. Currently, 98% of these pellet exports are shipped to Europe to displace coal in power plants. We ask, ‘How is the production of wood pellets in the SE USA affecting forest systems and the ecosystem services they provide?’ To address this question, we review current forest conditions and the status of the wood products industry, how pellet production affects ecosystem services and biodiversity, and what methods are in place to monitor changes and protect vulnerable systems. Scientific studies provide evidence that wood pellets in the SE USA are a fraction of total forestry operations and can be produced while maintaining or improving forest ecosystem services. Ecosystem services are protected by the requirement to utilize loggers trained to apply scientifically based best management practices in planning and implementing harvest for the export market. Bioenergy markets supplement incomes to private rural landholders and provide an incentive for forest management practices that simultaneously benefit water quality and wildlife and reduce risk of fire and insect outbreaks. Bioenergy also increases the value of forest land to landowners, thereby decreasing likelihood of conversion to nonforest uses. Monitoring and evaluation are essential to verify that regulations and good practices are achieving goals and to enable timely responses if problems arise. Conducting rigorous research to understand how conditions change in response to management choices requires baseline data, monitoring, and appropriate reference scenarios. Long-term monitoring data on forest conditions should be publicly accessible and utilized to inform adaptive management. © 2017 The Authors. Global Change Biology Bioenergy Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. },
    AFFILIATION = { Center for BioEnergy Sustainability, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, United States; NSW Department of Primary Industries, University of New England, Armidale, NSW, Australia; Weyerhaeuser Company, Vanceboro, NC, United States; SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, NY, United States; Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom; University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada; National Council for Air and Stream Improvement (NCASI), Clemson, SC, United States; University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg C, Denmark; Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden; Canadian Forest Service, Québec, QC, Canada; Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, Pulawy, Poland; National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO, United States; Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom; Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden; Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden; Thünen Institute of International Forestry and Forest Economics, Hamburg, Germany; Sustainable Forestry Initiative, Inc., Washington, DC, United States; State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP, Brazil; Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, United Kingdom; University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC, Qld, Australia; North Carolina State University (NCSU), Raleigh, NC, United States; University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom; Bioenergy Technologies Office, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Washington, DC, United States; University of Tennessee, Forest Resources AgResearch and Education Center, Oak Ridge, TN, United States; Enviva LP, Bethesda, MD, United States; Bioenergy Technologies Office, U.S. Department of Energy, Golden, CO, United States; Innovative Natural Resource Solutions, LLC, Antrim, NH, United States; Resource Management Service, LLC, Birmingham, AL, United States; Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL, United States; Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), Ottawa, ON, Canada },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { best management practices; biodiversity; bioenergy; carbon; ecosystem services; forests; pellets; southeastern United States; sustainability },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1111/gcbb.12445 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85018621403&doi=10.1111%2fgcbb.12445&partnerID=40&md5=bd13cacaeaf6e2d6e63403324e65656c },
}

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