HennebValeriaFentonEtAl2015

Reference

Henneb, M., Valeria, O., Fenton, N.J., Thiffault, N., Bergeron, Y. (2015) Mechanical site preparation: Key to microsite creation success on Clay Belt paludified sites. Forestry Chronicle, 91(2):187-196. (Scopus )

Abstract

Paludification is the accumulation of partially decomposed organic matter over saturated mineral soils. It reduces tree regeneration and growth, mainly because of low temperatures and high water content in the rooting zone, reduced organic matter decomposition, and hence, low nutrient availability. On the Clay Belt of western Québec and eastern Ontario, forests tend to paludify naturally but this process might be promoted by logging methods. Our objective was to identify which of two commonly used mechanical site preparation (MSP) techniques is best adapted to reduce organic layer thickness (OLT) and generate favourable planting microsites post-harvest in paludified sites. Nine experimental blocks (between 20 ha-61 ha each) were delimited within a 35 km2 forest sector with variable levels of paludification. The forest sector was harvested by careful logging to protect advance growth and soils and subsequently the nine experimental blocks were treated with either forest harrowing, disc trenching (T26) or left as untreated controls (harvesting only) with three replicate blocks per treatment. We measured OLT before and after MSP and determined planting microsite quality within each block. Results revealed significant differences in OLT between MSP treatments and harvesting only. Overall, harrowing was the best technique, as it reduced OLT more than T26 scarification and generated the highest percent of good microsites, except where initial OLT was 44 cm-56 cm. Our results contribute to the successful use of MSP in paludified forests. © 2015 Published by NRC Research Press.

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@ARTICLE { HennebValeriaFentonEtAl2015,
    AUTHOR = { Henneb, M. and Valeria, O. and Fenton, N.J. and Thiffault, N. and Bergeron, Y. },
    TITLE = { Mechanical site preparation: Key to microsite creation success on Clay Belt paludified sites },
    JOURNAL = { Forestry Chronicle },
    YEAR = { 2015 },
    VOLUME = { 91 },
    PAGES = { 187-196 },
    NUMBER = { 2 },
    NOTE = { cited By 0 },
    ABSTRACT = { Paludification is the accumulation of partially decomposed organic matter over saturated mineral soils. It reduces tree regeneration and growth, mainly because of low temperatures and high water content in the rooting zone, reduced organic matter decomposition, and hence, low nutrient availability. On the Clay Belt of western Québec and eastern Ontario, forests tend to paludify naturally but this process might be promoted by logging methods. Our objective was to identify which of two commonly used mechanical site preparation (MSP) techniques is best adapted to reduce organic layer thickness (OLT) and generate favourable planting microsites post-harvest in paludified sites. Nine experimental blocks (between 20 ha-61 ha each) were delimited within a 35 km2 forest sector with variable levels of paludification. The forest sector was harvested by careful logging to protect advance growth and soils and subsequently the nine experimental blocks were treated with either forest harrowing, disc trenching (T26) or left as untreated controls (harvesting only) with three replicate blocks per treatment. We measured OLT before and after MSP and determined planting microsite quality within each block. Results revealed significant differences in OLT between MSP treatments and harvesting only. Overall, harrowing was the best technique, as it reduced OLT more than T26 scarification and generated the highest percent of good microsites, except where initial OLT was 44 cm-56 cm. Our results contribute to the successful use of MSP in paludified forests. © 2015 Published by NRC Research Press. },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Boreal forest management; Mechanical site preparation; Microsites; Organic layer thickness; Paludification; Peat },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.5558/tfc2015-030 },
    KEYWORDS = { Biogeochemistry; Biological materials; Harvesting; Organic compounds; Peat; Reforestation, High water content; Mechanical site preparation; Microsites; Nutrient availability; Organic layers; Organic matter decomposition; Paludification; Tree regeneration, Forestry },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84928108806&partnerID=40&md5=3c4605f5f1c1d01bd2162cf82b290000 },
}

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