CummingDreverHouleEtAl2015

Reference

Cumming, S.G., Drever, C.R., Houle, M., Cosco, J., Racine, P., Bayne, E., Schmiegelow, F.K. (2015) A gap analysis of tree species representation in the protected areas of the canadian boreal forest: Applying a new assemblage of digital forest resource inventory data1. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 45(2):163-173. (Scopus )

Abstract

We undertook a gap analysis of how protected areas represent the tree-species diversity within the Canadian boreal forest, as measured from Forest Resource Inventory (FRI) maps.Weused a new compilation of Forest Resource Inventory designed to support ecological analyses over large areas and across jurisdictional boundaries. The analysis was stratified into four analytical regions determined by terrestrial ecozones. We calculated the relative abundance of species within regions, developed rarity criteria, and evaluated the relative abundances and prevalence of rare species.Wecharacterized representation gaps when the abundance of a tree species in protected areas within an analytical region differed markedly (by more than a factor of 2) from the expectation, calculated as the product of regional abundance and the proportional area protected. Most species were well represented in the most speciesdiverse region (n = 33), the Boreal Shield in eastern Canada, due apparently to a large number of relatively small protected areas in the southern part of the region. Some marked gaps existed in the more species-depauperate western zones, notably for montane conifers in the Boreal Plains. As is common for species abundance distributions, as few as five species accounted for 90% of total abundance in each zone. Relatively rare species were more numerous. Mostly associated with southern temperate or hemiboreal forests, these reached their highest prevalence and abundance in the managed forests of the Boreal Shield. Our work identified some gaps in representation in the protected areas network of Canada in western Canada, substantiates the use of species distribution mapping based on FRI data to inform conservation planning — including the identification of high conservation biodiversity elements for forest certification—and demonstrates the need for improved vegetation mapping in National Parks.

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@ARTICLE { CummingDreverHouleEtAl2015,
    AUTHOR = { Cumming, S.G. and Drever, C.R. and Houle, M. and Cosco, J. and Racine, P. and Bayne, E. and Schmiegelow, F.K. },
    TITLE = { A gap analysis of tree species representation in the protected areas of the canadian boreal forest: Applying a new assemblage of digital forest resource inventory data1 },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Forest Research },
    YEAR = { 2015 },
    VOLUME = { 45 },
    PAGES = { 163-173 },
    NUMBER = { 2 },
    NOTE = { cited By 0 },
    ABSTRACT = { We undertook a gap analysis of how protected areas represent the tree-species diversity within the Canadian boreal forest, as measured from Forest Resource Inventory (FRI) maps.Weused a new compilation of Forest Resource Inventory designed to support ecological analyses over large areas and across jurisdictional boundaries. The analysis was stratified into four analytical regions determined by terrestrial ecozones. We calculated the relative abundance of species within regions, developed rarity criteria, and evaluated the relative abundances and prevalence of rare species.Wecharacterized representation gaps when the abundance of a tree species in protected areas within an analytical region differed markedly (by more than a factor of 2) from the expectation, calculated as the product of regional abundance and the proportional area protected. Most species were well represented in the most speciesdiverse region (n = 33), the Boreal Shield in eastern Canada, due apparently to a large number of relatively small protected areas in the southern part of the region. Some marked gaps existed in the more species-depauperate western zones, notably for montane conifers in the Boreal Plains. As is common for species abundance distributions, as few as five species accounted for 90% of total abundance in each zone. Relatively rare species were more numerous. Mostly associated with southern temperate or hemiboreal forests, these reached their highest prevalence and abundance in the managed forests of the Boreal Shield. Our work identified some gaps in representation in the protected areas network of Canada in western Canada, substantiates the use of species distribution mapping based on FRI data to inform conservation planning — including the identification of high conservation biodiversity elements for forest certification—and demonstrates the need for improved vegetation mapping in National Parks. },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Boreal forest; Forest inventory data; Gap analysis; Species distributions; Tree species mapping },
    CODEN = { CJFRA },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1139/cjfr-2014-0102 },
    ISSN = { 00455067 },
    KEYWORDS = { Biodiversity; Conservation; Environmental protection; Mapping; Natural resources; Population distribution, Boreal forests; Forest inventory data; Gap analysis; Species distributions; Tree species, Forestry, Forests; Inventory Control; Species Identification; Trees, Coniferophyta },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84921987630&partnerID=40&md5=fd68b3ad3c87ea60704be236fdf7c94f },
}

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