KlimaszewskiLangorWorkEtAl2008

Référence

Klimaszewski, J., Langor, D.W., Work, T.T., Hammond, J.H.E. and Savard, K. (2008) Smaller and more numerous harvesting gaps emulate natural forest disturbances: a biodiversity test case using rove beetles (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae). Diversity and Distributions, 14(6):969-982.

Résumé

Aim To evaluate changes in the abundance, species richness and community composition of rove beetles (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) in response to three configurations of experimental gap cuts and to the effects of ground scarification in early succession yellow birch-dominated boreal forest. In each experimental treatment, total forest removed was held constant (35% removal by partial cutting with a concomitant decrease in gap size) but the total number of gaps was increased (two, four and eight gaps, respectively), resulting in an experimental increase in the total amount of 'edge' within each stand. Location Early succession yellow birch-dominated forests, Quebec, Canada. Methods Pitfall traps, ANOVA, MIXED procedure in SAS (R), post hoc Tukey's adjustment, rarefaction estimates, sum-of-squares and distance-based multivariate regression trees (ssMRT, dbMRT). Results Estimates of species richness using rarefaction were highest in clearcut and two-gap treatments, decreased in smaller and more numerous gaps and were significantly higher in scarified areas than in unscarified areas. ANOVA indicated a significant impact of harvesting on the overall standardized catch. Post hoc Tukey's tests indicated that the total catch of all rove beetles was significantly higher in uncut forests than in the treated areas. Both sum-of-squares and distance-based multivariate regression trees indicated that community structure of rove beetles differed among treatments. Assemblages were grouped into (a) control plots, (b) four- and eight-gap treatments and (c) two-gap and clearcut treatments. Main conclusions Rove beetle composition responded significantly to increasing gap size. Composition among intermediate and small-sized gap treatments (four- and eight-gap treatments) was more similar to uncut control forests than were larger gap treatments (two-gap) and clearcuts. Effects of scarification were nested within the harvested treatments. When the total area of forest removed is held constant, smaller, more numerous gaps are more similar to uncut control stands than to larger gaps and falls more closely within the natural forest heterogeneity.

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@ARTICLE { KlimaszewskiLangorWorkEtAl2008,
    AUTHOR = { Klimaszewski, J. and Langor, D.W. and Work, T.T. and Hammond, J.H.E. and Savard, K. },
    TITLE = { Smaller and more numerous harvesting gaps emulate natural forest disturbances: a biodiversity test case using rove beetles (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) },
    JOURNAL = { Diversity and Distributions },
    YEAR = { 2008 },
    VOLUME = { 14 },
    PAGES = { 969-982 },
    NUMBER = { 6 },
    MONTH = { nov },
    AF = { Klimaszewski, JanEOLEOLLangor, David W.EOLEOLWork, Timothy T.EOLEOLHammond, James H. E.EOLEOLSavard, Karine },
    DE = { Biodiversity; boreal forest; Canada; Coleoptera; impact of forestryEOLEOLpractices; Quebec; Staphylinidae },
    DI = { 10.1111/j.1472-4642.2008.00517.x },
    PG = { 14 },
    SN = { 1366-9516 },
    UT = { ISI:000260116700011 },
    ABSTRACT = { Aim To evaluate changes in the abundance, species richness and community composition of rove beetles (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) in response to three configurations of experimental gap cuts and to the effects of ground scarification in early succession yellow birch-dominated boreal forest. In each experimental treatment, total forest removed was held constant (35% removal by partial cutting with a concomitant decrease in gap size) but the total number of gaps was increased (two, four and eight gaps, respectively), resulting in an experimental increase in the total amount of 'edge' within each stand. Location Early succession yellow birch-dominated forests, Quebec, Canada. Methods Pitfall traps, ANOVA, MIXED procedure in SAS (R), post hoc Tukey's adjustment, rarefaction estimates, sum-of-squares and distance-based multivariate regression trees (ssMRT, dbMRT). Results Estimates of species richness using rarefaction were highest in clearcut and two-gap treatments, decreased in smaller and more numerous gaps and were significantly higher in scarified areas than in unscarified areas. ANOVA indicated a significant impact of harvesting on the overall standardized catch. Post hoc Tukey's tests indicated that the total catch of all rove beetles was significantly higher in uncut forests than in the treated areas. Both sum-of-squares and distance-based multivariate regression trees indicated that community structure of rove beetles differed among treatments. Assemblages were grouped into (a) control plots, (b) four- and eight-gap treatments and (c) two-gap and clearcut treatments. Main conclusions Rove beetle composition responded significantly to increasing gap size. Composition among intermediate and small-sized gap treatments (four- and eight-gap treatments) was more similar to uncut control forests than were larger gap treatments (two-gap) and clearcuts. Effects of scarification were nested within the harvested treatments. When the total area of forest removed is held constant, smaller, more numerous gaps are more similar to uncut control stands than to larger gaps and falls more closely within the natural forest heterogeneity. },
    KEYWORDS = { BOREAL MIXEDWOOD FOREST; SOUTHEASTERN QUEBEC; FIR FORESTS; DIVERSITY; CANADA; ALEOCHARINAE; CARABIDAE; STANDS; ECOSYSTEMS; WINDTHROW },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2008.11.17 },
}

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