LarsenWorkPurrington2003

Référence

Larsen, K.J., Work, T.T. and Purrington, F.F. (2003) Habitat use patterns by ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) of northeastern Iowa. Pedobiologia, 47(3):288-299.

Résumé

Ground beetle assemblages were monitored in six different habitats (tallgrass prairie, oats, corn, soybean, old-field, woods) at four sites in northeastern Iowa from 1994 to 1998. The objective of this study was to quantify the influence of habitat type on the activity and distribution of ground beetles. Over five years, 13,654 ground beetles representing 107 different species were captured. Of these, 14 species represented 85% of the captured beetles. Based on habitat use, we categorized 24 as generalist species, 14 as agricultural species, 12 as grassland species, 39 as prairie specialists, and 19 as woodland species. Tallgrass prairie hosted a significantly more (P < 0.05) diverse assemblage of ground beetles than was found in the other habitats. Prairie also had a higher percentage of habitat specialists in its assemblage than did the less stable agricultural habitats which were dominated by generalists. NMS ordination and indicator species analysis revealed distinct ground beetle assemblages and identified indicator species in the various habitats, allowing species assemblages to be used as habitat indicators.

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@ARTICLE { LarsenWorkPurrington2003,
    AUTHOR = { Larsen, K.J. and Work, T.T. and Purrington, F.F. },
    TITLE = { Habitat use patterns by ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) of northeastern Iowa },
    JOURNAL = { Pedobiologia },
    YEAR = { 2003 },
    VOLUME = { 47 },
    PAGES = { 288-299 },
    NUMBER = { 3 },
    NOTE = { 00314056 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 5 Export Date: 25 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: PDBLA Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Larsen, K.J.; Department of Biology; Luther College; 700 College Drive Decorah, IA 52101, United States; email: larsenkj@luther.edu References: Adis, J., Problems of interpreting arthropod sampling with pitfall traps (1979) Zoologischer Anzeiger, 202, pp. 177-184; Best, R.L., Beegle, C.C., Owens, J.C., Ortiz, M., Population density, dispersion, and dispersal estimates for Scarites substriatus, Pterostichus chalcites, and Harpalus pennsylvanicus (Carabidae) in an Iowa cornfield (1981) Environmental Entomology, 10, pp. 847-856; Bousquet, Y., Larochelle, A., Catalogue of the Geadephaga (Coleoptera: Trachypachidae, Rhysodidae, Carabidae including Cicindelini) of America North of Mexico (1993) Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 167, pp. 1-397; Carcamo, H.A., Spence, J.R., Crop type effects on the activity and distribution of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) (1994) Environmental Entomology, 23, pp. 684-692; Clark, M.S., Gage, S.H., Spence, J.R., Habitats and management associated with common ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in a Michigan agricultural landscape (1997) Environmental Entomology, 26, pp. 519-527; Clarke, K.R., Non-parametric multivariate analysis of changes in community structure (1993) Australian Journal of Ecology, 18, pp. 117-143; Colwell, R.K., (1997) EstimateS: Statistical Estimation of Species Richness and Shared Species from Samples, Version 5, , http://viceroy.eeb.uconn.edu/estimates, User's Guide and application published; Dufre?ne, M., Baguette, M., Desender, K., Maelfait, J.-P., Evaluation of carabids as bioindicators: A case study in Belgium (1990) The Role of Ground Beetles in Ecological and Environmental Studies, pp. 377-381. , Stork, N. 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    ABSTRACT = { Ground beetle assemblages were monitored in six different habitats (tallgrass prairie, oats, corn, soybean, old-field, woods) at four sites in northeastern Iowa from 1994 to 1998. The objective of this study was to quantify the influence of habitat type on the activity and distribution of ground beetles. Over five years, 13,654 ground beetles representing 107 different species were captured. Of these, 14 species represented 85% of the captured beetles. Based on habitat use, we categorized 24 as generalist species, 14 as agricultural species, 12 as grassland species, 39 as prairie specialists, and 19 as woodland species. Tallgrass prairie hosted a significantly more (P < 0.05) diverse assemblage of ground beetles than was found in the other habitats. Prairie also had a higher percentage of habitat specialists in its assemblage than did the less stable agricultural habitats which were dominated by generalists. NMS ordination and indicator species analysis revealed distinct ground beetle assemblages and identified indicator species in the various habitats, allowing species assemblages to be used as habitat indicators. },
    KEYWORDS = { Carabidae Coleoptera Ground beetles Pitfall traps Tallgrass prairie beetle habitat type habitat use pitfall trap habitat use United States Carabidae Coleoptera },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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